• Calla Blanche

A Diamond

When a couple gets engaged to be married the bride-to-be receives an engagement ring, which in most cases, is embellished with a diamond. As early as 1477 Maximilian of Austria gave Mary of Burgundy a diamond engagement ring, but they really didn’t catch on until the 1700s.

Throughout the ages, royalty and diamonds have gone together, especially diamond crusted tiaras that are passed down through history from one queen or princess to another. The most recent occasion was Prince Harry’s marriage to Megan Markle, when she wore a beautiful diamond tiara borrowed from Queen Elizabeth.

Diamonds come in different shapes and sizes, as well as different colors. There are the more popular shaped diamonds like the princess cut, pear shaped and most popular, the solitaire. There are sapphire blue diamonds, pink, yellow, white, brown and the rarest is the red, just to name a few.

The earliest diamond mines were recorded in India in 10th century B.C but since then, the mines have been depleted. South Africa took over the diamond mining business since the late 1800s and Kimberly was one of the largest mining centers in the world. British businessman Cecil Rhodes established De Beers diamond company which is still one of the most well know diamond distributors today, with retail diamond shops around the world.

In the western world, a diamond engagement ring became popular in the 1940s. It is a symbol of love that will last forever. To commemorate the sixtieth wedding anniversary, it is common to present the wife or partner with a diamond to celebrate a lasting reunion. It is thought in many countries that the diamond is a status symbol, the bigger the diamond the higher the status.

A diamond is one of the hardest substances on earth. The measuring of gemstones are units called carats and one carat equals 200 milligrams. Until 1908, the largest diamond to be discovered weighed 1.33 pounds, that’s 3,106 carats. It was named “Cullen” also known as star of Africa, it was later cut into smaller stones, the three biggest ones were called Cullen 1,2 and 3 and are on display at the Tower of London with the rest of the crown jewels. Since that time, a bigger diamond was discovered called The Golden Jubilee Diamond and weighed 545.67 carat of brown color, it outweighs the Cullen 1 by 15.37 carats. Today the Golden Jubilee Diamond remains in the Royal Thai Palace, where it is part of the crown jewels.

Hollywood has always had a relationship with diamonds, whether in the movies, or on the movie stars themselves. Elizabeth Taylor received a few large diamonds, one a 68-carat pear shaped diamond from her husband at the time Richard Burton, that became know as the Cartier-Taylor-Burton diamond. Elizabeth went on to have a signature fragrance called white diamonds.

As the song goes, diamonds are a girl’s best friend sung by Marilyn Monroe in the movie Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and Diamonds Are Forever sung by Shirley Bassey from the James Bond movie Goldfinger, could a diamond be your best friend forever?

I hope you find this article interesting, for more interesting articles check out our A-Z terms Guide.

Bride and Photos - Sandy Paixao